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The city was named after the mother goddess of power, Chandi, whose temple Chandimandu is a feature of the new city. Le-Corbusier was assisted by his cousin, Pieree Jeanneret and the English couple E.Mazwell Fry and Jane B. Druel. These 3 architects are responsible for most of the public and residential building raised in Chandigarh between 1950 and 1965. The beautiful city also known as 'city of roses', was planned to house the capital to the erstwhile Punjab state. On partition of Punjab, on linguistic basis, the present union territory was formed which in addition to the city of Chandigarh included Mani Majra town and some villages of Kharar Tehsil of Ambala district. Much of the beauty owes to the planning of the city in sectors with houses which conform to a modern design and its grand Secretariat and Assembly buildings were build according to Le-Corbusier's plans and a picturesque lake was also created along with the Shivaliks. The genius of Nek Chand led to the creation of one of Chandigarh's landmarks the 'Rock garden', and a rose garden also came up. It is one of the most attractive cities of India. It has a large lake i.e. Sukhna lake, with beautiful picnic spots.
Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and others from the religion wise break up of population, decendingly in that order.
In Chandigarh, transport and communication facilities are highly good. Indian Airline Service connects Chandigarh with Delhi, Amritsar, Jammu and Srinagar. During season Kulu flight from Delhi also haults at Chandigarh. It is directly connected with Delhi and Amritsar by rail. Regular buses ply from important cities of Chandigarh.