Web 2.0 to 3.0
The Evolving We-b


Joseph Pally
ZCubes, Inc.

http://www.zcubes.com

First Computer Bug - 1947


 


http://www.jamesshuggins.com/i/tek1/grace_hopper_h96566k_thumb.jpg

On the 9th of September, 1947, when the machine was experiencing problems, an investigation showed that there was a moth trapped between the points of Relay #70, in Panel F.

Memex - 1945


  • 1st theoretical proto-hypertext system
    • "memory extender"
    •  Vannevar Bush
      • The Atlantic Monthly
    • Ted Nelson coined the term "hypertext" and "hypermedia" in 1965

 


http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/trs/images/vbush3a37339r.jpg
Xerox Alto - 1974


  • First
    • Graphical User Interface
    • Mouse

 


http://infolab.stanford.edu/pub/voy/museum/pictures/display/0-3-steno.jpg
 
“A Protocol for
Packet
Network
Intercommunication”
 - Published 1974
1st Apple Computer - 1976



http://www.switchingtomac.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2007/03/firstapple.jpg
TCP/IP 1976


  • Vint Cerf/Robert Kahn
    • Defined TCP/IP Protocol

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/people/vint-cerf-browse.jpg

http://isandtcolloq.gsfc.nasa.gov/spring2006/images/kahn.jpg
The First Website



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The World Wide Web - 1990


  • Tim Berners-Lee created
    • The first Web browser - “WorldWideWeb”
    • The first Web Editor
    • The first Web Server
    • The first Web page(s)
      • Describing the project itself
    • The browser could access usenet newsgroups and ftp files as well

 



http://www.sfgate.com/blogs/images/sfgate/techchron/2006/06/22/vert.tim.berners.lee.jpg
Tim Berners-Lee
The historic NeXT computer used by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990, on display in the Microcosm exhibition at CERN. It was the first web server, hypermedia browser and web editor.
Browsers - Evolution


  • ViolaWWW (1992) - Created by Pei-Yuan Wei
    • Advanced features such as embedded graphics, scripting.
    • Featured in EOLAS-MS Patent Case
  • Mosaic
    • Marc Andeersen and Eric Bina - 1993
    • Netscape - 1994
  • IE - 1995
    • Microsoft licensed Spyglass Mosaic for $2 Million
    • 1996 - Microsoft joined the game seriously

 



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http://media.linkedin.com/mpr/mpr/shrink_80_80/p/3/000/005/3ed/2072d51.jpg
Web 1.0


  • Browser Wars
    • Netscape vs. IE
      • Netscape - 85% in 1996 to 1% in 2006
    • IE
      • Billion users in 2006
    • .com
      • Boom 1996-Bust 2001
  • Web 1.0 Stabilized
    • Amazon, eBay
    • ASP.NET, JSP/J2EE - Leftover Technologies

 


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Web 2.0


  • Blogs - 1994
    • A phenomenon by 2001
  • Wikipedia - 2001
  • MySpace 1998/2003
  • Flickr - 1004
    • The Only Gamma Site in the world!
  • Youtube - 2005

http://static.lowyat.net/v2/images/stories/youtube_headquarters.jpg
Web 2.0


  • Named by Tim O'Reilly Media in 2004
    • Term Trademarked by Tim
    • To recognize the new participatory movement
  • 3C + C + P + VS =
    • Content, Commerce, Community
    • Context
    • Personalization
    • Vertical Search

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Generations of The Internet


  • Web 1.0 was the Hypertext/CGI Web
    • About I - Pages
  • Web 2.0 is the Community Web
    • About  U  - Page Parts
  • Web 3.0 is the
    Omni-Functional Semantic Web
    • About  V  - (Us and the Machines) - Data & Functionality
  • Web 4.0 "Learning Web" (15 years)
    • About  Them -  Yup, the Machines  - Knowledge

http://www.brotschi.net/images/dec2000/4generations.jpg
Features - Web Generations


  • Web 2.0 = Read/Write
    • Network as an OS
    • web services oriented, scattered functionality  
  • Web 3.0 = Read/Write/Relate
    • Web behaving more like a single application with many features
      • than an OS with many apps
      • Data+Structured Meta Data + Managed Identity

 


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Web 3.0


  • Web 3.0, a phrase coined by John Markoff
    • of New York Times
    • Web more connected, more open intelligent
    • Transform the Web from separately siloed applications to a more seamless and interoperable whole
    • Third generation of internet-based services
    • Emphasis:
      • machine facilitated understanding of information for better user experience

http://www.sabew.org/news/sabewnews/markoff.jpg