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With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 ms in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil streches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields. Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine... All of which offer you a unique experience. And what's more, every one of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other. A singular advantage no other destination offers. Kerala, India's most advanced society : A hundred percent literate people. World-class health care systems. India's lowest infant mortality and highest life expectancy rates. The highest physical quality of life in India. Peaceful and pristine, Kerala is also India's cleanest state. For administrative purpose, the state of Kerala is divided into fourteen districts. Most of these districts offer all the tourism products typical of the State.

Kerala is on the southernmost tip of India. It stretches along the coast of the Arabian Sea and is separated from the rest of the sub continent by the steep Western Ghats. The state lies between 80 18 ' and 120 48 ' north latitude and 740 52' and 770 22' east longitude. The breadth of the state varies from 32 kms in the extreme north and south to over 120 kms in the middle.

Kerala At A Glance

 

Location :Southwestern tip of India.

Area : 38, 863 sq km.

Population : 3,18,38,619 C

apital : Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)

Language : Malayalam;English is widely spoken.

Religion : Hinduism, Christianity, Islam Time : GMT +5:30

Currency : Indian Rupee

Climate : Tropical.

Summer : February - May (24 - 330C) Monsoon : June - September (22 - 280C) Winter : October - January (22 - 320C)

Names of Districts Old New Trivandrum Thiruvananthapuram Quilon Kollam Alleppey Alappuzha Pathanamthitta Kottayam Idukki Ernakulam Trichur Thrissur Palghat Palakkad Malappuram Wayanad Calicut Kozhikode Cannanore Kannur Kasaragod

Major Cities : Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi (Ernakulam district) and Kozhikode.

Taluks : 61

Revenue Villages : 1452

City Corporations : 5

Grama Panchayat : 991 Block Panchayat : 152

District Panchayat : 14 

Population : 318.39 lakhs as per the latest 2001 Census (31.839 Millions) Density of Population : 819 per sq kms Kerala's Share in the National Population : 3.1 per cent District Average : 22.74 lakhs (2.274 millions) Sex Ratio : 1058 women for 1000 men Literacy Literacy Rate : 90.92 per cent. Male Literacy Rate : 94.20 per cent Female Literacy Rate : 87.86 per cent Educational Infrastructure Lower Primary Schools (First - Fourth classes) : 6712 Upper Primary Schools (Fifth - Seventh classes) : 2951

High Schools (Eighth - Tenth classes) : 2608

Total number of Schools : 12271

Higher Education

Higher Education Universities : 7

Arts and Science Colleges : 286

Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) Kerala has had a commendable record in terms of the Physical Quality of Life Index. Indicators of PQLI like infant mortality (11%), female literacy (87.86%), and life expectancy at birth for males (68.23) and females (73.62), are well above all India levels.

Transport

 Air: There are three international airports in the state. They are at Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode and Nedumbassery (Kochi) and operate international flights and domestic flights. Road and Rail : The state is well connected by rail and road.

Seaports :

Major : Kochi

Minor : Beypore (Kozhikode), Alappuzha, Kollam.

Major Beaches : Kovalam, Varkala, Fort Kochi, Kappad and Bekal.

Major Wild Life Sanctuaries : Thekkady (Periyar), Parambikkulam, Wayanad, Silent Valley, Aralm, Peechi-Vazhani, Chimani, Shenduruny, Idukki, Chinnar, Peppara, Neyyar. Bird Sanctuary : Thattekad, Kumarakom.

Major Hill Stations : Ponmudi, Peerumade, Thekkady, Munnar and Wayanad.

Farm / Cash Crops : Rubber, Coffee, Tea, Spices, Pepper, Cashew, Coconut, Arecanut and rice.

Exports : Marine, Coir, Handicrafts, Spices, Food and other Products.

Major Industries : Tourism, Information Technology, Fertilizer, Oil Refining and Power Generation, Ship Building, Machine Tools, Electronics, Cables, Rubber.

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Location
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Government

Like other Indian states, the constitutional head of state is the governor, who is appointed by the President of India. Like most other states, Kerala has a unicameral legislature consisting of directly elected members. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The governor appoints a council of ministers at the advice of the Chief Minister. Kerala has 140 Assembly constituencies and sends 20 members to the Lok Sabha. Kerala also sends 9 members to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India. The Legislative Assembly Building in Trivandrum.Currently, the Left Democratic Front (LDF) is the ruling coalition in government and V.S. Achuthanandan of the CPI(M) is the Chief Minister. The Kerala High Court in Ernakulam.The judiciary comprises the Kerala High Court and a system of lower courts. The High Court of Kerala is the highest court for the state, and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.

Culture

Arts of Kerala and Culture of Kerala Kerala's culture is a blend of Dravidian and Aryan influences, deriving from both a greater Tamil-heritage region known as Tamilakam and southern coastal Karnataka. Later, Kerala's culture was elaborated upon through centuries of contact with neighboring and overseas cultures.[91] Native performing arts include koodiyattom, kathakali – from katha ("story") and kali ("performance") – and its offshoot Kerala natanam, koothu (akin to stand-up comedy), mohiniaattam ("dance of the enchantress"), thullal, padayani, and theyyam. Other forms of art are more religious or tribal in nature. These include chavittu nadakom, oppana (originally from Malabar), which combines dance, rhythmic hand clapping, and ishal vocalisations. However, many of these art forms largely play to tourists or at youth festivals, and are not as popular among most ordinary Keralites. These people look to more contemporary art and performance styles, including those employing mimicry and parody. Additionally, a substantial Malayalam film industry effectively competes against both Bollywood and Hollywood.

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